FBIAS™ for the week ending 4/11/2014
The very big picture:
In the “decades” timeframe, we are in a Secular Bear Market which began in 2000 when the P/E ratio (using Shiller’s Cyclically-Adjusted P/E, or “CAPE”) peaked at about 44. The job of Secular Bear markets is to burn off outrageously high P/E ratios over one or two decades, until finally the P/E ratio arrives back at a single-digit level, from which another Secular Bull Market can emerge. See graph below for the 100-year view of this repeating process.
If history is a guide, we may not yet be done with this Secular Bear Market. The Shiller P/E finished the week at 24.7, down slightly from the prior week’s 25.3, and approximately at the level reached at the pre-crash high in October, 2007. Even though P/E’s are substantially lower than their crazy peak in 2000, they are nonetheless at the high end of the normal historical range and leave little if any room for expansion. This means that the stock market is unlikely to make gains greater than corporate profit growth percentage, if that. (note: all P/E references are to the Shiller P/E values, sometimes called PE10 or CAPE, which are calculated so as to remove shorter-term fluctuations; see robertshiller.com for details).
In fact, since 1881, the average annual returns for all ten year periods that began with a CAPE at this level have been just 3%/yr (see graph below).
This further means that above-average returns will be much more likely to come from the active management of portfolios than from passive buy-and-hold. Although a mania could come along and cause P/E’s to shoot upward from current levels (such as happened in the late 1920’s and the late 1990’s), in the absence of such a mania, buy-and-hold investors will likely have a long wait until the arrival of returns typical of a Secular Bull Market.
In the big picture:
The “big picture” is the months-to-years timeframe – the timeframe in which Cyclical Bulls and Bears operate. The US Bull-Bear Indicator (see graph below) is at 62.5, down from last week’s 66.1, and still solidly in cyclical Bull territory. For the last three years, the US Bull-Bear Indicator has pushed further into Bull territory than other global asset classes, reflecting the higher strength of the US relative to the rest of the world. The current Cyclical Bull has taken the US to new all-time highs, but most of the world’s major indices have barely matched 2011’s highs, let alone approached 2007’s levels.
In the intermediate picture:
The intermediate (weeks to months) indicator (see graph below) remains in positive status, ending the week at 24, down 3 from the prior week’s 27. Separately, the quarter-by-quarter indicator – based on domestic and international stock trend status at the start of each quarter – gave a positive indication on the first day of January for the prospects for the first quarter of 2014.
In the Secular (years to decades) timeframe (Figs. 1 & 2 above), the Secular Bear still is in force as the long-term valuation of the market is too high to sustain a new rip-roaring Secular Bull. In the Cyclical (months to years) timeframe (Fig. 3 above), all major equity markets are in Cyclical Bull territory, with the US being far stronger than any other major market. The Bond market returned to Cyclical Bull territory as of February 28th. In the Intermediate (weeks to months) timeframe (Fig. 4 above), US equity markets remain in positive status. The quarter-by-quarter indicator gave a positive signal for the 2nd quarter: both US and International equities were in uptrends at the start of Q2, which signals a higher likelihood of an up quarter than a down quarter.
In the markets:
Global markets declined for the week ending April 11th except for the new darlings of investors – Emerging Markets. Completing the reversal of roles, Emerging Markets are the only grouping of equity markets now positive for the year-to-date, whereas just a few weeks ago, they were the only grouping of markets that were negative for the year-to-date. In the US, SmallCap and Nasdaq indices continued to take heavy fire during the week, losing -3.6% and -3.1% respectively, while the Dow and S&P 500 lost -2.4% and -2.7% respectively. The Nasdaq composite index logged its third consecutive losing week, and capped the week by losing -4.6% just from Wednesday to Friday, the worst 3-day loss since 2011. The swift rotation from small-and-growth to large-and-value has resulted in an unusually wide (for this early in the year) 500 basis point disparity in year-to-date returns between the SmallCap Growth index and the LargeCap Value index.
Japan was the worst market for the week, at -4.9% (and the Nikkei index closed below 14,000 for the first time in 6 months), while Brazil notched a gain of +2.7%, best among all markets of significance. Like the Emerging Markets index as a whole, Brazil has now reversed a sizeable loss for the year. Canada’s Toronto Composite Index (TSX) lost -0.9% on the week, continuing its recent run of outperformance vis a vis the US, and remains positive year-to-date.
Economic news in the US was mostly positive, despite the market rout. The National Federation of Independent Business (NFIB) small business optimism index increased in March to 93.4, up from 91.4 in February and above the rise to 92.5 expected. Businesses are optimistic that sales will increase and, in addition, hiring plans by small businesses have improved. The government’s “Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey” (with the stimulating acronym of “JOLTS”) indicated that there were 4.2 million job openings in February, up from 3.9 million in January. Job openings were at the highest level since January 2008, and join the total number of employed workers in regaining pre-recession levels. Weekly jobless claims came in at 300,000, below the 320,000 expected. It was the lowest level of claims since May of 2007.
The FED minutes, released Wednesday, were dovish and played down expectations that interest rates would rise faster than previously thought. There was no reference to the suggestion that the FED would raise rates 6 months after the end of the tapering program, as Chairman Yellen seemed to have suggested in her maiden press conference. The minutes also revealed that the FED was concerned about misleading the market on interest rates. Markets rallied following their release, with the dollar and bond yields falling. The rally was immediately reversed on Thursday, with more selling on Friday.
Most Canadians reasonably believe that the vast majority of their fellow citizens are all for the pipelines necessary to transport oil from the landlocked shale-oil drilling sites, but the plans for a pipeline to a deepwater port for export to the Far East were scuttled by a vote in Kitimat, British Columbia. Voters there rejected the plans by a sizeable 58%-42% margin. Now not only is the Keystone XL pipeline to the US under fire, but the home soil is not so welcoming, either.
Inconceivable as it was just a couple of years ago, both Greece and Spain have found ready buyers for new bond issues – and the coupon carried by the Spanish 10-year debt was only slightly higher than the equivalent US note!
Deflation worries are not just for Europe – China is now wrestling with the prospect of deflation in the goods-production segment of its economy, too. The Producer Price Index (“PPI”) fell -2.3% for March, worse than expected and worse than February’s -2.0%, and marks the 25th consecutive month of falling producer prices. Chinese year-over-year exports dropped -6.6% in March when +4% was expected, but many observers discounted the significance of the large decline, saying it is a natural result of the Chinese government’s laudable attempts to root out double-counting and other paperwork tomfoolery that had been routine until a year or so ago.
(sources: Reuters, Barron’s, Wall St Journal, Bloomberg.com, ft.com, guggenheimpartners.com, ritholtz.com, markit.com, financialpost.com, Eurostat, Statistics Canada, Yahoo! Finance, stocksandnews.com, wantchinatimes.com)
The ranking relationship (shown in Fig. 5) between the defensive SHUT sectors (“S”=Staples [a.k.a. consumer non-cyclical], “H”=Healthcare, “U”=Utilities and “T”=Telecom) and the offensive DIME sectors (“D”=Discretionary [a.k.a. Consumer Cyclical], “I”=Industrial, “M”=Materials, “E”=Energy), is one way to gauge institutional investor sentiment in the market.
The average ranking of Defensive SHUT sectors declined to 12.3 from the prior week’s 11.8, while the average ranking of Offensive DIME sectors rose slightly to 12.8 from the prior week’s 13. The Defensive SHUT sectors kept their slight lead over the Offensive DIME sectors.
Note: these are “ranks”, not “scores”, so smaller numbers are higher and larger numbers are lower.
The US led the recovery from 2011’s travails, and continues to be the strongest among all global markets. However, the over-arching Secular Bear Market may remain in place even as new highs are reached in the US.
Because we may still be in a Secular Bear, we have no expectations of runs of multiple double-digit consecutive years, and we expect poor market conditions to be a frequent occurrence. Nonetheless, we remain completely open to any eventuality that the market brings, and our strategies, tactics and tools will help us to successfully navigate whatever happens.
If you have any questions about the FBIAS™ Fact-Based Investment Allocation Strategy portfolios, feel free to give your Anthony Capital, LLC advisor a call at 303-734-7178 or by scheduling a private virtual meeting/conference call. We work with clients from all over the country and would be happy to help.
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Dave Anthony, CFP®, RMA®